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Spinal-Injury.net :  Spinal Cord Injury - Deep Vein Thrombosis

 
 

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism is a potentially severe complication of spinal cord injury. There are changes in the normal neurologic control of the blood vessels that can result in stasis or "sludging". Deep vein thrombosis in the lower leg is almost universal during the early phases of recovery and rehabilitation. Thromboses in the thigh, however, are a great concern, as they are at risk for becoming dislodged and passing through the vascular tree to the lungs. A major obstruction of the arteries leading to the lung can potentially be fatal. Therapeutic measures to reduce or eliminate the risk for deep vein thrombosis include Ace wrapping of the legs and the use of pneumatic compression stockings. Medications administered subcutaneously, such as heparin, are useful in reducing blood viscosity and improving flow. In the event that a thrombosis develops, treatment is begun with intravenous heparin. Once adequate anticoagulation is provided, the patient is switched to an oral medication, called Coumadin.

Skin Breakdown
pneumonia
Osteoporosis and Fractures
Heterotopic Ossification
Spasticity
Urinary Tract Infections
Autonomic Dysreflexia
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Pulmonary Embolism
Orthostatic Hypotension
Cardiovascular Disease
Syringomyelia
Neuropathic / Spinal Cord Pain
Medication Problems
Hyperthermia
Hypothermia
 


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Spinal-Injury.net :  Spinal Cord Injury - Deep Vein Thrombosis

 
 

 
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